През 2009 година Световната здравна организация класифицира всички видове солариумни лампи, солариуми и UV лъчи като клас 1 канцерогени, защото съществуват много силни доказателства, че всички те причиняват рак при хората [1].

Изследвания показват, че използването на солариуми е причина всяка година да има повече от 3400 случаи на меланом в Европа и повече от 170 000 случаи на немеланомни видове рак в САЩ. Рискът за всички видове рак е толкова по-голям, колкото по-рано през живота започва излагането на UV радиация [2,3].

Скорошно проучване, публикувано в JAMA Dermatology [3] открива, че в глобален мащаб случаите на рак на кожата, причинен от солариуми, са повече от 419 000 на година. Това са с 15% повече случаи (362 941), отколкото са тези на заболелите от рак на белите дробове в резултат на пушене [4].

Ако се сравнят смъртните случаи, настъпили в следствие на излагане на UV радиация със смъртните случаи, причинени при пътни инциденти, се оказва, че печенето на слънце може да е по-опасно дори и от шофирането [4,5].

Възможно е обаче да има неточност при подобно статистическо сравняване, защото в някои държави смъртните случаи от немеланомен рак на кожата (базалноклетъчен и плоскоклетъчен) не се съобщават. Това означава, че действителните смъртни случаи в тези държави ще са дори още по-многобройни от представяната официална статистика [4].


[1] “Солариуми”. wikipedia.org, [online] <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indoor_tanning>

[2] “Кожен меланом, дължащ се на използването на солариум: систематичен преглед и мета-анализ на изследвания”. BMJ 2012, [online] <http://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e4757>

[3] “Употреба на солариуми в международен план. Систематичен преглед и мета-анализ на изследвания”. JAMA Dermatol, 2014, [online] <http://www.real.gr/Files/Articles/Document/294742.pdf>

[4] “По-опасно ли е печенето на слънце от шофирането?” Aurasprayers.com, [online] <http://www.aurasprayers.com/is-sunbathing-more-dangerous-than-driving-a-car-buckleupskinsafety/>

[5] “Как излагането на слънце е по-опасно от шофирането?” Dailymail.co.uk, [online] <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3154668/How-sunbathing-dangerous-driving-Skin-cancer-kills-thousands-people-car-accidents-year-study-finds.html>



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